Methanesulfonic acid 80mL (1.2 mol) solution in acetic acid 0.5L was added to L-tyrosine 181.2g (1.0 mol, Aldrich 97%+) in a 5L 29/42 joint flask and the mixture was stirred vigorously without cooling until complete tyrosine dissolution (about 2 hours). The flask was placed in +10C water bath and the mixture was stirred till the internal temperature was about 15C. Neat acetanhydride 105mL (1.1 mol) was added dropwise over a 30 min period with a vigorous stirring and cooling on cold water bath, then continued at 15-20C for additional 90 min, at which time a voluminous precipitate filled the flask. Peroxide-free THF 1L was added to the crystalline mass, the mixture was mashed up with a large spatula to break the lumps and then stirred vigorously for 20 min. The precipitate was collected by filtration, washed thoroughly with THF, the product was dried by suction under N2 blanket and then in vacuo until only a faint smell of AcOH remained with the product (10 Torr, 1 day). Y=259.8g of white solid (84% th)
1H(d6-DMSO, 400MHz): 8.28(br s, 3H), 7.29(app d, 8.6Hz, 2H), 7.10(app d, 8.6Hz, 2H), 4.20(br t, 6.4Hz, 1H), 3.10(br d, 6.4Hz, 2H), 2.33(s, 3H), 2.26(s, 3H)
The O-acetyl tyrosine mesylate salt from the first step was dissolved in D.I. water 0.5L in a 4L large beaker, a solution of triethylamine 118mL (0.84 mol; 1 eq.) in ethanol 0.5L was added rapidly with stirring, the crystallized mixture was combined with additional ethanol 1L and agitated with a large spatula, then stirred for 30 min and finally placed into a refrigerator (+ 4C) overnight. The precipitated product was collected by filtration, rinsed thoroughly with chilled 200-proof ethanol (0.5L, +4C) and then with few small portions of ambient ethanol (4x20mL), dried by suction under N2 blanket and then thoroughly dried in vacuo. Y=168.4g (79.5% overall) of a white fluffy solid.
1H(D2O 0.7mL/10mg, 400MHz): 7.36(app d, 8.4Hz, 2H), 7.14(app d, 8.4Hz, 2H), 4.79(s, 3H; HOD), 3.98(dd, 8.0Hz, 5.5Hz, 1H), 3.29(dd-ABX, 14.7Hz, 5.3Hz, 1H), 3.14(dd-ABX, 14.7Hz, 7.8Hz, 1H), 2.34(s, 3H)
Note: Effective stirring and cooling during the Ac2O addition is important for achieving good results. Using a cheap grade of tyrosine (a yellowish muddy powder, with some impurities detectable on NMR in aromatic region) is tolerable – and MsOH from an old bottle that was already a bit dark worked fine in this procedure – but the used THF should be aldehyde+peroxide free.